Repentance is the voluntary prayers performed prayers of a Muslim when I want to repent for the mistakes he’s ever done. Conducted two rak’ah prayer repentance with free time except at the forbidden to perform the prayer (see the voluntary prayer). Prayers are done by one person due to regret what is immoral (sinful), and promised not to repeat his actions again.
Of Ali-radhiallahu anhu-of-the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wasallam, said, “It is not a person in committing sin and then get up and purification, and prayer, and then beg forgiveness of God but Allah will give forgiveness to him.” (Narrated by At -Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah, and classed as saheeh by ash-Shaykh Albani in Saheeh Sunan At-Tirmidhi I/128) The above hadith the arguments made by scholars to be a sunnah prayer repentance, as indicated by the ash-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Umar Muthathawwi Bughyatul Bazmul in his book ‘Prayer at fii-Tatawwu’.
And the hadith is also supported by the generality of the word of Allah, the Exalted, “And (also) those who, when working on indecency or wronged their own they will remember Allah, and beg forgiveness for their sins and who else can forgive sins except God. And they did not pursue the vicious deeds, and they know. “(Surah Al ‘Imran: 135)
Indeed, including the grace of Allah Subhanahu wa ta’ala for these people are opening the door of repentance for him. Opening the doors of this repentance will not be interrupted so that the spirit has reached the throat or the sun rises in the west. And including his mercy also toward this people is disyariatkannya a very great service, with which a servant of the Lord bertawassul his repentance be accepted with hope. Worship is prayer repentance
2. Disyari’atkannya Tawbah Prayer
The scholars have agreed a shlat repentance in shari’ah; at this. It was narrated from Abu Bakr radhyiallahu’anhu that he had said: “I heard the Messenger shallahu’alaihi wa sallam said:” There is no servant who commits a sin, then smarten wudhunya, and stood praying two rak’ahs, then beristighfar (beg pardon) to God except Allah would forgive him. “Then he read the verse:” And (also) those who, when working on indecency or wronged themselves, they would remember Allah and seek forgiveness for their sins, and anyone else who can forgive sins except God? And they did not pursue the vicious deeds, and they know. “(Ali Imran: 35)”
(Riwayat. Abu Dawud (1521), classed as saheeh by al-Albani in Sahih Abu Dawud (4/21))
From Abu Darda radhyiallahu’anhu he said: I heard the Messenger of shallahu’alahi wa sallam said: “Whoever berwidhu ‘, then smarten waudhu’nya, then he stood praying two rak’ahs or four rak’ahs, in the second rak’ah he would enhance remembrance and humility’ him, then he beristighfar (for mercy) of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, then God would forgive him. “(Riwayat. Ahmad (26 997), mentioned by al-Albaani in al-Ahadist pedigree as-Shaihah (3398)
3. For Repentance Prayer
Because prayer is repentance terjerumusnya a Muslim into immoral deeds, whether large or immoral immoral small. It will be mandatory for him to repent, and the Sunnah for him to do these two cycles. Repent when he must do good deeds, which include prayer Tawbah is the purpose of drawing nearer to Allah Subhanahu wa ta’ala, and gain primacy. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala is facing with this prayer washilah Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala is expected to receive repentance and forgive his sins.
4. Execution time of Repentance Prayer
Implementation of the sunnah prayer is performed when a Muslim eager to repent of a sin that has been done. Whether immediately after the fall doing immoral or after it.
5. Repentance is not accepted.
a. If the spirit has come into the esophagus, Rasulllah shallahu’alaihi wa sallam said: “Verily, Allah will accept the repentance of a servant while not now.” (Dihasankan by al-Albaani in Saheeh at-Turmudzi (3537)
b. If the sun rose from the west. Prophet shallahu’alaihi wa sallam said: “He who repent before the setting of the sun terbut of God accept repentance.” (Muslim Riwayat. (2703)) Prayers are prescribed at any time, including at times of the forbidden (eg, after the Asr prayer ), because repentance prayers include prayers that have a cause, then in syariatkan when the existence of a cause.
Rahimahullah Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said: “All who have the service because it will loose (lose) if diakhirkan or postponed until the expiration of time restrictions, such as prostration recitations, tahiyatul mosque, kusuf prayer, the prayer after wudoo ‘as in the hadith Bilal rahimahullah, as well as prayer istikharah be off if the person who will beristikharah mengakhirkannya, also pray repentance, if seorag sin, then he must repent, that is Sunnah for him to pray two rak’ahs, then repent as a disebtkan in the hadith of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq … “(Majmu ‘ Fatawa (Tawbah Prayer 23/215Sifat
Tawbah Prayer consists of two cycles, as in the hadith of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq rahimahullah. This prayer is prescribed for those who repent are alone, because this prayer includes prayers that are not prescribed nafilah done in the congregation. After the Sunnah for him to beristighfar (for mercy) of Allah Subhanahu wa ta’ala based on a hadith of Abu Bakr may Allaah have mercy.
The terms of the receipt of repentance, then the ash-Shaykh Abdul-Aziz Al-Rajihi Hafizhahullah-eight states, namely: repentance must be sincere, just expect God to her face. Repentance is not because of riya, nor because sum’ah (desire to be heard) and it’s not because of the world.
And never narrated from the Prophet shalalhu’alaihi wa sallam that he wa sallam shalallahu’alaihi recommend specific readings on these two cycles. It should read what he wanted.
Sunnah for those who repent with this prayer for bersngguh very hard in doing good deeds, on the word of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala which means: “And verily, I am Most Forgiving to those who repent, believe, work righteousness, and then remain on the right path . “(Taha: 82)
Among the most important deeds practiced by those who repent are bershadaqah, Sadaqah is due to the elimination of its causes the greatest sins. Allaah says which means: “If you show charity (mu), then it adalh well, and if you menyembuknyikannya and you give to the poor people, then hide it better for you, and Allah will remove from you some of your mistakes.” (Al- Baqarah: 271)
And has remained of Ka’b bin Malik radhiyallahu’anhu that he said when God accepts repentance: “O Messenger of Allah, verily including taubatku, I’ll take off (all) my treasure as Sadaqah to Allah and His Messenger. “The Prophet shalallhu’alaihi wa sallam said:” Keep some of your treasure, it’s better for you. “Then he said:” I bear my share in the battle of Khaibar. “(Muttafaqun’alaihi)
Innocent of these immoral.
Sorrow for sin which he has done it.
Determined not to repeat such immoral.
restore what we zhalimi to its owner, if kezhalimannya form of blood or treasure or honor. We say: That if we menzhalimi someone in his blood, wealth or honor, then we are obliged to apologize to him and ask him for kezhaliman our halal.
Repent before the spirits up to the throat (agony).
Torture has not come down upon him.
The sun had not risen from the west.
The procedure, as do ordinary sunnah prayers, may 2/4 cycles lafash difference is only in its intentions.
The value of prayer, as well as other prayers are quite pronounced in the liver, the most important is the intention merely because Allah Ta’ala alone with a sincere heart and Ridho expect him, if not too hard to pronounce that it interferes with other Muslims, there is some opinions about this intention to the wisdom of wise use
Usholli Sunnatat taubati rokataini lillahi ta’ala.
I intend to pray 2 rakat sunnah repentance because Allah ta’ala.
after prayers Repentance: After istighfar multiply prayers, beg forgiveness of Alla, back on the path of God, dhikr, and promised not to repeat the sins done
Please pardon my God Almighty Agung.Dzat that there is no God except Allah the Almighty Living longer stand alone, I confess all my sins kepadaNya.Wahai Allah forgive the past, future, hidden and visible, you know better than I. You are the Essence of Early and Maha Maha End, There is no God but You, O God .. I have indeed wronged myself with a lot of sin and no one can forgive but You O God. So forgive me and love me for Thou art the Essence of the All-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
The scholars bersekapat that prayer is Sunnah as narrated repentance preacher Abu Bakar that he heard the Messenger of Allah said, “It is not someone who is innocent and he was then performed ablution and then pray to God for mercy, but Allah will give forgiveness … later he saw him reading the word of God:
It means: “And (also) those who, when working on indecency or wronged themselves, they would remember Allah and seek forgiveness for their sins, and anyone else who can forgive sins except God? and they do not continue the vicious deeds, and they did Knowing. Their reward is forgiveness from their Lord and Gardens underneath which rivers flow, and they abide therein; and That’s the best to reward people who do good. “(Surat Al Imron: 135-136)
In the hadith narrated by Thabrani in “al-Mu` jam al-Kabir “with a hasan isnad of Abud Darda that the Prophet said,” Whoever then smarten wudhunya ablution and pray two rak’ahs or four rak’ahs, whether mandatory or not he prayed that mandatory, smarten bowing and prostration to Allah and ask forgiveness of the Almighty Allah will forgive him.
Sheikh ‘Athiyah Saqar say that prayer Tawbah. The important thing is let repent and seek forgiveness senantiiasa done after the prayer, any prayer. Indeed pray and beg forgiveness if made after an act of devotion such as prayer or reading the Koran and he will be granted.
Similarly, if a person prayed repentance then repentance for her sin is an obligation that must be done and the Sunnah for him to pray two rak’ahs and then repent as the hadeeth narrated from Abu Bakr al Siddiq. (Fatawa al Azhar thing juz IX 153)
As for reading, there is no history or proof that the mention of the readings or special letters of repentance this time praying.
Tawbah is the sunnah of the Prophet prayed shalalahu’alaihi wa sallam.
This prayer is prescribed as a Muslim repent of every sin, whether of sin big or small sin, if repentance is done immediately after some time thereof.
Prayer is done on all the time, including the times of the forbidden.
Sunnah for people who confess to doing some good deeds to draw closer to God along with prayer and a Sadaqah is like another.